Table of contents:
- Barrier group i
- Diaphragmatic (cervical) caps2
- Contraceptive sponge 3
- Spermicidal candles4
- Hormonal method5
- Contraceptive plasters6
- Other types8
Video: The Ultimate Guide To Contraception: Methods Everyone Should Know
The Planned Parenthood Association in the UK warns that up to 90% of sexually active women can become pregnant in the first 12 months if they do not use contraception. Conception can occur during any unprotected intercourse - including the first sex in life.
The content of the article
- 1 Group of barrier methods
- 2 Diaphragmatic (cervical) caps
- 3 Contraceptive sponge
- 4 Spermicidal suppositories
- 5 Hormonal method
- 6 Contraceptive patches
- 7 Injections
- 8 Other types
Today we'll talk about the main methods of contraception that will help you avoid unwanted pregnancy.
Barrier group i
These methods prevent the meeting of sperm and egg. First of all, the most common condom belongs to this category. It protects against STDs and unwanted pregnancies.
By the way, both male and female condoms are one of the most reliable means of protection against sexually transmitted diseases. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, when used correctly, male condoms provide 80% protection against unwanted pregnancies and infections.
Use condoms correctly:
- Choose the appropriate size.
- Place the condom on the head of your erect penis.
- Pinch the tip of the condom to remove air.
- Roll the condom down along your penis, being careful not to tear it.
- After intercourse, hold the condom at the base before pulling the penis out of the vagina.
- Remove the condom and discard. Never reuse the condom.
- When using a lubricant, make sure it is compatible with the type of condom you are using. For example, latex products are only compatible with water-based lubricants.
Another type of condom is female. They can be used in place of (but never with) men. According to statistics, the effectiveness of female condoms against unwanted pregnancies is about 79%.
Diaphragmatic (cervical) caps2
The cap is placed inside the vagina several hours before the intended intercourse. You can delete it no earlier than after 24 hours. It is important to apply a spermicidal preparation on it before use.
The efficiency of the diaphragm cap is up to 90%. However, the caps do not protect against STDs.
Contraceptive sponge 3
It is usually made of polyurethane and contains a spermicidal agent. The sponge is inserted deep into the vagina and thus blocks the entry to the uterus.
When used independently, the sponges are 76-88% effective. However, their use in conjunction with a condom further reduces the risk of unwanted pregnancies and STDs.
Contains chemicals that inactivate sperm. Suppositories are available over the counter and are used with other forms of barrier contraception (any other than a sponge).
When used alone, spermicides are injected into the vagina at least 10 minutes before intercourse. Its duration is usually no more than 60 minutes. Efficiency against unwanted pregnancy is about 71%.
Tablets that affect a woman's hormones, prevent conception and suppress ovulation. Naturally, this type of contraception cannot protect against STDs in any way. Most hormonal contraceptives are available only with a doctor's prescription.
Hormonal drugs are almost 95% effective when taken as directed by a doctor and in accordance with all his instructions. Usually tablets are available in 2 types:
- Combination preparations containing estrogen and progestin. They should be taken daily as directed.
- Progestin-only mini pills. They must also be taken at the same time every day. These drugs can affect the menstrual cycle, delaying it.
According to statistics, birth control patches are 99% effective when used correctly. In practice, their efficiency usually approaches 90%.
The patches are placed on the buttocks, abdomen, or upper arm. They must be worn for 3 weeks, and then the patch is removed for 1 week to ensure menstruation.
One of the most popular contraceptive injections is Depo-Provera. It is prescribed by a doctor every 12 weeks. According to research, with timely administration of the drug, its effectiveness is up to 90%. If a woman is planning a pregnancy, it may take up to 10 months of recovery for her to regain fertility.
Other methods of contraception include intrauterine devices, Nova-Ring vaginal rings, progestin implants, natural family planning, and emergency contraception.
Before using any of the tools described in the article, you need to consult a specialist.
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