Table of contents:
- Cultural traditions of all times
- Russia 2
- Other countries 3
- Cheating statistics7
- What about Russia? 8
Video: Adultery, Or Adultery. Statistics And Types Of Punishments In Different Countries
In most cases, in modern society, adultery, or, in simple terms, adultery, is considered vicious. Nevertheless, absolutely all people are predisposed to it. True, men, due to their polygamous nature, are somewhat more than the fairer sex.
The content of the article
- 1 Cultural traditions of all times
- 2 Russia
- 3 Other countries
- 4 Judaism
- 5 Christianity
- 6 Islam
- 7 Cheating statistics
- 8 What about Russia?
Here there is an open conflict between morality and the physiological nature of man. That is why many spouses, who have betrayed their dearest and beloved half, subconsciously try to justify themselves, blaming the cooled feelings for their own spouse for everything, replaced by vivid emotions received during meetings with their mistress.
By definition, adultery is called adultery. That is, voluntary sex between a married man (married woman) and an unmarried partner. At different times in different cultures, the attitude towards and punishment for adultery was different, but in general, condemnation was present and is always present.
What is treason? We will tell you what is worth investing in this concept and why.
Cultural traditions of all times
In the vast majority of cultures, it was generally accepted that spouses voluntarily refuse to have sex on the side. In most cases, the betrayal of one of the spouses gave good reasons for starting the divorce proceedings.
In some countries, where the society strictly adhered to the established religious dogmas and rules, adultery was severely punished by law and the death penalty awaited the cheater. In most cases, such cruel punishment was applied to wives who cheated on their husbands. This was largely facilitated by the fact that the fact of a woman's betrayal cast doubt on the paternity of a man in relation to the children growing up in the family, and, accordingly, the heirs of all property and the successors of his family.
In modern countries, the attitude towards adultery is different, as are the general concepts of the ethics of extramarital sex.
Here the provisions on marriage are governed by the provisions of the Family Code. Already his first article acts as a guarantee of a free and voluntary union between man and woman. This, accordingly, guarantees its free termination by mutual desire or the desire of one of the spouses. At the same time, the state guarantees the protection of the second of the spouses and common children.
The Code does not offer a list of reasons why divorce is possible. Indeed, in each individual family there may be compelling individual reasons for the dissolution of a marriage, and only the spouses who are in it are able to determine such a need.
The only thing that is assumed by the rule of law is getting rid of alimony for the maintenance of the second spouse, if the latter showed his unworthy behavior in the family. Adultery can also be included in unworthy behavior (vv. 92 and 119).
In some cases, which were followed by bodily injury or even death of one of the spouses, adultery is no longer considered by the Family Code, but by the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. It is in it that there is an article about murder and grievous bodily harm committed in a state of passion. Unfortunately, it is within the framework of this article that the courts are considering numerous cases of adultery.
In principle, it is not surprising at all whether it is easy to restrain his anger for one of the spouses, who found his legal soul mate in bed with the other (other). Of course, apart from hitting the head with a vase, there can be no other thoughts. So, it is not surprising that when considering such cases, the court takes into account mitigating circumstances for the accused.
But the attitude towards adultery in society is quite interesting, because only 64% of adult Russian citizens condemn the betrayal of one of the spouses. The rest treat adultery as a completely normal phenomenon.
Other countries 3
Nevertheless, in many foreign countries there is a list of weighty reasons for starting a divorce proceedings clearly defined by the norms of the law. The first such document, dated March 21, 1804, was called the Code of Napoleon. It was also called the Civil Code of French Citizens.
The interpretation of adultery in him was very ambiguous. So, if the wife cheated, this was a good reason for divorce. If the husband cheated, his wife could be denied the divorce proceedings. The only exceptions were those cases when a man brought his mistress to a common house.
Many countries of the third world to this day persecute extramarital sex, which includes adultery and fornication. Again, the punishment for women is much stricter than for the cheating representatives of the stronger sex. An unfaithful spouse can easily be stoned to death right in the central square of the city. A bit strange, but in Nigeria and Pakistan, a woman will be punished for treason, even if she was raped.
But, all of the above referred exclusively to the legislative norms of society, but what do religious traditions teach people?
In the Old Testament, adultery is strictly defined and implies the next punishment for treason - the death penalty. True, in practice, the Jews used such a measure of punishment rather caustically, since there was no compelling evidence of the fact of treason. Of course, with such a strict law, all campaigns to the left were hidden more than carefully.
Relationship with a married woman is prohibited by both the Torah and the law of the Jewish people by Halacha. According to them, a man e has the right to have sexual relations with a woman who, by law, is not his wife. In the same way, he has no right to continue living in marriage with his wife, who cheated on him with another man. There is only one way out, a divorce.
In Judaism, there is such a concept as the Code of Seven Laws of the descendants of Noah. According to him, all mankind is forbidden to have sexual intercourse with other people's wives (husbands).
The Bible, in contrast to the Torah, defines clear boundaries between the concepts of adultery and fornication. According to her, persons who do not have marital status are engaged in fornication; in relation to the adultery of fornication, this concept is broader.
The New Testament continues the Ten Commandments condemnation of adultery. Adultery in him is deliberately condemned in accordance with the seventh commandment of God. Moreover, we are talking here not only about sex, but also the very thought of it. Jesus Christ taught his disciples that even a look full of lust directed at someone else's spouse is already equated with treason. He considered both divorce and marriage with an already divorced woman treason.
By the way, it is precisely adultery that is the only possible reason for divorce in the New Testament. The Apostolic Canons, the Studite, and the Jerusalem Rite all regarded adultery as a serious crime. It was punishable by the imposition of a strict church penance, and in some cases by complete excommunication from the Church.
As in all other legislative norms of this religion, the attitude towards adultery in Islam is punished more heavily. Absolutely all sexual relations between citizens who are not in a spousal relationship are equated to it.
Each person who has committed adultery is assigned 100 lashes as a punishment. Not everyone is able to withstand this, and for many it, accordingly, equates to the death penalty.
True, regardless of the fact that, in principle, the death penalty is contrary to the Koran and the Sunnahs of the Prophet Muhammad, it can be applied even to women who are not married.
With all this, the fact of adultery must be confirmed by at least four independent witnesses. Of course, such a requirement looks very funny. One has only to imagine a spouse who wants to cheat on her husband, who will invite several friends, acquaintances or relatives to look at sex. At the same time, all witnesses must have an impeccable reputation and enjoy impeccable authority in society.
That is, false witnesses who have their own interest in the case will not be heard in court. Moreover, the Court will not take into account their testimony. By the way, the court stipulates no less severe punishments for false testimonies for witnesses. For example, if their readings differ from each other, they will receive 80 lashes each. At the same time, nobody will be able to figure out which of them lied and who told the truth.
Under no circumstances can there be lynching in adultery. In this case, the person who committed it will also be punished. A person who has slandered his wife and who has not provided the Court with irrefutable evidence of treason will also be punished. 80 lashes await him.
An interesting attitude of the law to those citizens who themselves admit to committing adultery. They face a brutal death penalty. In fact, they are simply stoned in the town square. So believe after that that telling the truth is always good. Such cases take place, although such is not mentioned in the Qur'an. However, no punishment is imposed in the case of rape.
But, in any case, the Koran condemns adultery, the scripture calls it an abomination and a path of filth.
Sociologists from Framingham State College Virginia Rutter have conducted some estimates of adultery around the world. After research, experts on adultery and gender relations say the following.
The largest percentage of betrayals is observed on the African continent. Compared to Africans, the inhabitants of America, France and Australia seem to be inexperienced babies. So 15% of men from Nigeria and 37% of the male population of Togo admitted to having an extramarital affair. Moreover, sociologists received the same confessions from only 5% of the fairer sex.
This dubious leadership of African states is fully explained by local laws. In most countries, the law itself grants men the right to extramarital affairs. This regulation is closely related to the traditional polygamy prevalent on the Black Continent.
Englishwomen showed a similar honesty, of which 5% also admitted to cheating on their spouse. British men took responsibility for 9-10 percent of adultery, that is, men's adultery in Foggy Albion is two times more likely than women's.
Of course, the indicators of the percentage of adultery in different countries cannot be considered particularly accurate for one elementary reason. Residents of most states simply refuse to take part in polls of this kind. This is primarily about Muslim states, where treason is punishable by law.
What about Russia? 8
Polls conducted in the Russian Federation confirmed the fact that almost half of men and a quarter of women cheated on their legitimate halves at least once. But who knows if it is really possible to harshly condemn adultery.
On the one hand, yes, this fact of betrayal to a loved one cannot be unnoticed. But what to do if the marriage was concluded, for example, by calculation and one of the spouses eventually met his true love. Does society have the right to condemn a person for this?
In the same way, you can probably forgive the betrayal of one of the spouses if the legal half cannot, or even simply does not want to have sex. What, then, is there for a spouse who is languishing with desire? There is only one way out and it consists in finding a mistress (lover).
Sometimes such a refusal to have sex by one of the spouses can be caused by a serious reason, for example, an illness that is incompatible with sex life. At the same time, the sick partner may approve that the second will have sex on the side.
Although, opponents of such a theory one hundred percent will say that if the spouses really love each other, they will not allow themselves to cheat under any circumstances. So, everyone perceives adultery as religious beliefs, upbringing and individual point of view allow him. But in general, as they say, do not judge and you will not be judged.
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