Types Of Contraception For Women And Men: How To Choose?

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Types Of Contraception For Women And Men: How To Choose?
Types Of Contraception For Women And Men: How To Choose?

Video: Types Of Contraception For Women And Men: How To Choose?

Video: Types Of Contraception For Women And Men: How To Choose?
Video: Why Male Birth Control Is So Hard To Make 2023, March
types of contraception
types of contraception

In the modern world, sex is an integral part of harmonious relationships between people. Unfamiliar people also engage in sexual intercourse, this, as a rule, occurs after violent parties and is the result of alcoholic intoxication or a sudden burning interest in a certain person.

The content of the article

  • 1 What is the risk of negligence in relation to protection?
  • 2 Types of protection for women and men
  • 3 Barriers
  • 4 Hormones
  • 5 "Safe days" or natural protection
  • 6 Chemical contraceptives
  • 7 Navy
  • 8 Type of contraception - sterilization

According to statistics, around 17 million women worldwide face unwanted pregnancies. Although, it could have been avoided in 90% of the “victims of love”. Despite the fact that the types of contraception are very different and available for both sexes, they are often neglected. In more rare cases, they fail.

Unplanned conception is not one of the main troubles for partners. If a "casual" lover gives a lady not only nimble sperm, but also an infection of the genital tract, then a woman will think 1000 times in the future whether to trust men and whether it is worth letting them close to her at all.

What are the risks of defense negligence? I

Before deciding to have love without a condom, partners should be tested. Only a deep analysis of the material can give a complete picture of latent and sluggish infections. 98% reliability of the latex barrier is no joke! 2% - the probability of material rupture.

The main hazards include pathogenic microorganisms, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. Such as the:

  • pale treponema;
  • spirochete;
  • gonococci;
  • chlamydia;
  • mycoplasma;
  • mushrooms of Candida;
  • papilloma and hepatitis viruses.

This daunting list can be continued for a very long time. The condom will be the main protector against all infections! This kind of "troubles" can happen only to people who are irresponsible and inattentive to their health. Therefore, in case of accidental contact, latex protection is mandatory.

If the relationship of lovers goes so far that people begin to live together and think about the future, then the time has come to "break down the barriers", ie. leave condoms in the past. Sex without using this type of contraception can give a much richer sensation. Both men and women will agree with this. But, the problem of probable conception remains. You can avoid it by using various means.

The main types of contraception concern the female body. The lady has to take the whole blow on herself and resort to various schemes for calculating "safe days", measure the temperature and take hormonal pills to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Types of protection for women and men2

To date, a lot of means of protection against infections and unwanted pregnancy have been developed. There are such types of contraception:

female contraception
female contraception
  • barrier;
  • hormonal;
  • natural;
  • chemical;
  • "Morning";
  • spirals;
  • sterilization.


These types of contraception are called condoms for men and women.

A variant of the popular protection for the mighty, it is a latex pouch with a sperm pocket. The reliability of use is proven by medical research and is 98%. It is important that the man is aroused, therefore, it is necessary to wear it only if the member is erect.

A huge advantage is protection against all infections, and a disadvantage is the likelihood of rupture. In which case, it is possible to relocate pathogens from one partner to another and pregnancy is not part of the plans of lovers.

Female condoms look like a polyurethane tube with a diameter of 8 cm and a length of 15. More than 95% reliability. But this type of contraception has not yet taken root in the vastness of the post-Soviet space. Its advantage is the possibility of using it with a weak erection.


Hormones 4

The main task of the hormone-containing agent is to prevent ovulation. Now only female birth control products have gained popularity. The male version is under development.

Produced by pharmaceutical companies in the form of tablets containing estrogen and progesterone. They are used for three weeks, after which a short break is needed.

Mini-saws have a strict purpose in use. Every day at the same time.

There is another type of hormonal contraceptive, this is injections. They can only be done by ladies who have reached the age of 35 and already have children. The reliability is about 97%.

The "morning" remedies include pills that contain a large dose of hormones. They block the maturation of the egg or prevent it from adhering to the wall of the uterus. These drugs should only be used in an emergency and rarely. Since "emergency assistance" can cause serious consequences.


All products based on hormones are absolutely harmless to women's health and do not affect their appearance in any way. Perhaps only in a positive way.

Naturally, hormonal contraception does not protect against possible infections.

Safe Days or Natural Prevention5

In the calendar cycle of egg release and menstruation, there is a certain time frame during which the likelihood of conception is very low. This is the first seven to ten days after your period ends and five days before your period starts. But this type of contraception does not give a 100% guarantee and it should be used only if the cycles are stable and there are no failures.

Chemical contraceptives6

These funds are represented by suppositories, vaginal creams and tablets and tampons. They are widely used and almost 90% protection against unwanted pregnancy. Some of them are able not only to "kill" sperm, but also to inhibit viruses and pathogens. In particular: herpes virus, chlamydia and staphylococcus.

A significant disadvantage is the short-term effect of the type of contraception and the negative effect on the walls of the vagina.


Intrauterine devices are mechanical contraceptives that contain hormones or are used without them.

Conventional spirals do not allow the egg to gain a foothold for the development of the embryo. Hormonal hormones produce the synthetic hormone levonorgestrel and inhibit sperm and egg cells.

means of protection
means of protection

The disadvantage of using spirals is the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy.

Mechanical contraceptives for women with hormones are gaining popularity, such as the Nova Ring (22 days) and the Eva patch. They have an almost 99% guarantee of preventing unwanted pregnancies. But they do not protect against viruses and pathogens.

More details about male contraceptives and their research can be found in our next article.

Type of contraception - sterilization8

It is a blockage of the vas deferens and obstruction of the fallopian tubes. In men, the process of maturation of active spermatozoa can spontaneously resume, and for women, the method runs the risk of inability to return reproductive function or the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy.

Also read about oral contraceptives and their use in our article.

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