The Story Of Giacomo Casanova. Misconceptions About The Hero Lover

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The Story Of Giacomo Casanova. Misconceptions About The Hero Lover
The Story Of Giacomo Casanova. Misconceptions About The Hero Lover

Video: The Story Of Giacomo Casanova. Misconceptions About The Hero Lover

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Video: The True Story of Casanova | History's Most Legendary Lover 2023, February
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Giacomo Casanova
Giacomo Casanova

What you read below will be a shock and discovery for some, but, be that as it may, the famous “sample of dashing lustfulness” by Giacomo Casanova in fact turned out to be not so much an unbridled lover as a nice guy, not without a slight flair of adventurism.

The content of the article

  • 1 Childhood and adolescence
  • 2 Youth and the first steps on the path of art
  • 3 Rome and libel
  • 4 Didn't serve - not a man
  • 5 Sex, drugs, and rock and roll
  • 6 Paris - the capital of love and debauchery
  • 7 The Shawshank Redemption - XVIII
  • 8 Spy passions
  • 9 Loss of influence and involuntary travel
  • 10 End of travel and return home

Childhood and adolescence i

The path of the hero of this story began in Venice - then an independent state, gradually losing its former influence and wealth. In general, until the age of 8, the future character of legendary stories was a sickly, sullen, unsociable child and was considered by the overwhelming majority of those around him (and relatives), if not stupid, then certainly not the smartest.

His father or, as Giacomo himself called him later, his mother's husband died early, and his mother, who was engaged in acting skills forbidden to women in Venice of those years, was on tour, so he was brought up first by his grandmother, and then completely settled in Padua with Abbot Gozzi, from whose library he independently learned Latin, is not such a dumb child, is he?

Youth and the first steps on the path of art2

At the age of 16, the future reveler was ordained and awarded the rank of abbot. Despite the seeming importance of this event, everything is a little more prosaic. In Venice of that time, the rank of abbot was somewhat akin to the rank of a petty official in Russia in the 18-19th century, or, to simplify to the limit, had a more formal meaning than real. Ultimately, fate led the young Giacomo to acquire the first patron in the person of Senator Malipiero.

Be that as it may, the legendary hero-lover was and remained until the last days not a devout, but a convinced Catholic, so splendidly grounded in theology that the first sermon he delivered was a splendid success. True, in addition to knowing the material of the issue, the dexterous and skillful insertion of quotes from Horace contributed to the success, and the preacher's youth played an important role.

And it is here that Casanova meets her first mistress and receives the first fruits of her adventures. Whipping after the same actress, after whom his patron was dragging himself, the young lover fell into disfavor and was expelled.

However, not really falling into despondency, the legend of love stories enters the seminary, where, however, he gets involved in a scandal of a homosexual nature, which, nevertheless, he denied himself until the end of his days, referring to the misunderstood situation with the young man found in his bed.

For this offense (or for gambling debts - that's how you look), Giacomo Casanova went to jail for the first time. And here his charisma, resourcefulness and high communication skills were manifested - being literate, he found a hairdresser in the person of a cellmate in exchange for writing various kinds of petitions, selling some of his things and “bought out” a more spacious cell.

Having access to literature and writing materials, he worked as a scribe for the prison administration and for himself, acquired acquaintance with a certain Greek woman, who, by the way, endowed him with the first venereal disease, from which, however, the hero-lover was cured without any special consequences.

Giacomo Casanova
Giacomo Casanova

Upon leaving prison and in order to avoid re-imprisonment for his adventures and debts, Giacomo left Venice and drove off to Rome.

Rome and libel3

In the city on seven hills, the legendary lover turned around as best he could - he wrote love letters to order, including for the clergy, preached as best he could, tried to find and extract income from everything that came across.

And everything would have been fine if it had not been a sexual scandal that erupted shortly after his arrival from Venice - at the same time a scandal to which Eros's protégé himself had nothing to do. Circumstances developed in such a way that a number of top confessors, mired in debauchery and sensing the threat of disclosure, "let all the dogs down" on someone who was neither a Roman nor a top confessor, and "who is interested in some kind of Venetian abbot."

In general, the entire set of charges threatened, at best, not one dozen years of imprisonment, or even execution, so that the disappointed guest of Rome had to flee back to his homeland, during which Casanova refuses the further path of a clergyman, but not the faith. and becomes a soldier.

Didn't serve - not a man_8212

Having bought a position in the army and donned a uniform, the favorite of Venus set out to seek happiness in the service. Instead, however, he got bored by planting most of his salary in card games.

Giacomo Casanova in the film
Giacomo Casanova in the film

The trip to Constantinople was supposed to add variety to the boredom of the office routine. And yet she brought it through her acquaintance with Claude Bonneval, an adventurer and slicker, who had already converted to Islam by that time. Through him, Casanova made acquaintance with Yusuf Ali, an influential representative of the Turkish elite.

Having impressed the latter with his manners and knowledge in the field of theology, Giacomo received an offer, which he refused because he was not ready - this same Yusuf offered to marry his fifteen-year-old daughter, but on condition of conversion to Islam.

Despite all the riches received during this trip, Casanova returned to Venice “goal like a falcon”, having safely squandered everything he had in gambling and, leaving the service, went in search of new sources of income. A good and versatile education bore fruit - and the warrior of bed and comfort moved into musicians.

Sex, drugs and rock and roll4

There is no better phrase to describe this stage in the life of the legend of sensual adventures. Having swiftly collapsed his moral and ethical standards to the level of the surrounding reality and comrades-in-arms in the craft, he rushed to all the hard.

Mired in an alcoholic intoxication, the same alcoholic hasty sex, creating fierce game in the vastness of his hometown and violating public order by all available methods, he began to lose all hope of finding his former position.

casanova
casanova

But fate had other plans - and the unfortunate musician acquired a new patron in the person of Bragadin - a senator, by chance, a happy coincidence of circumstances and a certain recklessness, saved by Casanova.

Having received patronage and support from such a powerful representative of the Venetian government for his help, the riotous fellow returned to the atmosphere of "trash and frenzy", but at a higher level, changing the company of street girls, actors and musicians to a society of elite courtesans, patricians and aristocrats.

It should be noted that the immorality of "jokes" also grew from drunken fights and damage to public property to digging up corpses, lecherous parties with girls, duels and even accusations of rape (the latter, however, was never confirmed - either due to the lack of corpus delicti, then whether in view of the condition and position of the patron).

All these entertainments, together with the cream of society, coupled with the previous adventures and dissatisfaction of some gentlemen with the actions of the ascended plebeian, contributed to an increase in interest not only on the part of ladies and maidens, but also on the part of the police along with the Venetian Inquisition.

Giacomo Casanova portrait
Giacomo Casanova portrait

Some remark about the latter will not hurt - these guys, unlike their Spanish colleagues, did not burn heretics to the right and left, but performed duties similar to those of the FSB in modern Russia - that is, they followed order, spies and other unreliable for the state machine by persons.

Paris - the capital of love and debauchery _8212-2

So, as soon as accusations of immorality, debauchery, fraud and almost black book were brought against Giacomo, he, without further ado, collected things and went straight to France, and specifically to Paris.

There, quite easily entering "into the light" at the expense of friends from a friendly acting troupe, the young lecher made contact with the Marquise de Pompadour - very famous for her intrigues and love affairs, but an extremely influential person, contrived to very gracefully rude her, not driving himself into disgraced.

There, he more than once got an appointment with the king himself - Louis XV, at one fine moment he found a special disposition of him for himself, giving him a 13-year-old girl (found, by the way, Casanova almost on the street, so the question of humanity of this the act is better left to the discretion of historians and memoirists).

Giacomo Casanova
Giacomo Casanova

In the meantime, among others, having a very strong knowledge of cabalism, he managed not only to get in touch, but also to join the Masonic lodge.

And all in the same France, as if destined to generate not only lustful, but also pure feelings, Casanova meets Henrietta - a woman of a famous family, but traveling incognito, with whom he fell in love - with a capital letter. This was the only relationship that, despite its short duration (only 3 months), was remembered and preserved in Giacomo's memories for the rest of his life.

In France, another meeting took place - Giacomo met his brother, with whom they, quickly finding a common language, went to Dresden to meet with their mother, whom the loving Venetian had not seen by that time for more than 10 years.

The Shawshank Redemption - XVIII __8212_XVIII

Returning from Dresden to Venice, Giacomo Casanova was taken into custody and placed in prison, for which he created the first and only precedent of escape. This story should be described separately - he got hold of a bayonet and began to punch the tunnel out. When the case was almost over, he was transferred to another cell.

Then he started a night correspondence with a prisoner of a neighboring cell - while pieces of cloth were used as paper, like a pen - a piece of a nail, and blackberry juice was used as ink. Having cooperated, they made a passage to the roof, passing along it, got into the prison office, went down to the front door - but, unlike the previous ones, could not open it. And then they were noticed by people passing by and told the gatekeeper that he closed the people inside - and they were released!

casanova stills from the film
casanova stills from the film

On the other hand, there is a more prosaic version about bribery of guards.

Spy passions5

Once again fleeing to France, the already middle-aged Casanova met De Berny, the French Foreign Ministry, communication with whom led him to spy for the lily state. A milestone in his life in general and his stay in Paris in particular was the French Lottery, which he taught, which brought the crown about 600 thousand louis - fabulous means for those times.

In the meantime, he spent more and more money on courtesans and women, as the years took their toll - and the once corny young man turned into an aging and far from handsome man. While communicating with De Bernie, he met a certain rich and influential Madame Durfe, who would later get him out of prison after a seven-year war.

Mistress Durfe Giacomo deftly "led by the nose", using his knowledge of alchemy and occultism, providing himself for quite a long time. During one of his trips to Amsterdam, he met one of his old mistresses with his two children - a boy and a girl.

Taking his son, he used him to increase his influence on Madame Durfe, allegedly planning to transfer her soul into the body of a child. Nevertheless, taking advantage of this opportunity, he provided the child first with the count's upbringing and education, and then his flight.

Giacomo Casanova in the film
Giacomo Casanova in the film

Ultimately, falling out of favor with Louis, he was expelled from France.

Loss of influence and involuntary travel6

Having fled to London, where he was spinning like a squirrel in a wheel in search of earnings, he got along with a woman and caught syphilis from her. After recovering from him, spending almost all the remaining funds, he moved to Potsdam to Frederick II the Great, offering him a scheme with a lottery similar to the French. After refusal, he tried to get a job at court for himself, but having received as an offer only the position of a teacher at one of the universities at court, he refused and left for St. Petersburg.

Somehow everything went wrong there - the lack of knowledge of the language, the absence of any acquaintances, and, as Casanova himself said, the fact that "in Russia only those who have to go to themselves are respected."

Nevertheless, he had a chance to meet with Catherine - and even more than once, but dissatisfied with the fact that he could not rise above the role of the interlocutor - he left Russia, going to Poland. At the court of the Polish king, he practically managed to gain the former influence, but because of the Polish nobleman killed in a duel, he also fell out of favor here.

End of travel and return home7

As a result, after long and numerous travels, he returned to Venice, practically without money. Here he worked as an informer for the Venetian Inquisition, and as an impresario in the theater, immediately met an ordinary seamstress and lived with her for 7 years as an ordinary family.

Giacomo Casanova portrait
Giacomo Casanova portrait

However, feeling once again the increased interest on the part of those in power in his person - and not at all as a courtier, but as a criminal - he voluntarily left his homeland and went to Prague. It was in the Czech Republic that he wrote his memoirs, toiling with boredom as a librarian.

And a year after Venice lost its independence, he will die too. This is what life was like for the legendary symbol of the Venetian sunset, the symbol of an entire era in European history - a lover without much love merit - Giacomo Girolamo Casanova, Chevalier De Sengalta.

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