Body Art Modern And Indigenous: Art, Lifestyle, Therapy

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Body Art Modern And Indigenous: Art, Lifestyle, Therapy
Body Art Modern And Indigenous: Art, Lifestyle, Therapy

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Body art
Body art

For many years, body art has delighted fans with its creative delights. But body art is not only body painting, but a much broader concept that includes contemporary creativity and historical roots.

The content of the article

  • 1 Body art primordial
  • 2 Body art in the 20th century
  • 3 Modern body art
  • 4 Types of body art
  • 5 Who and what makes body art popular?
  • 6 A little more about body art
  • 7 Non-standard use of body art

Body art primordial i

Body art as a phenomenon was not born in the 20th century, but much earlier. And it was carrying a different semantic load than it is today. It was both a conversation with the spirits and an attraction of luck on the hunt. Until now, the warriors of some tribes in Africa, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands use body painting when performing rituals. Sometimes there is a deep meaning behind such art. For example, status.

By the way, what has passed into modern times. In circles close to prison, it is well known that a tattoo can tell about a person who has gone through a place of detention and his position in the criminal world.

Another example of body art in vivo. In Africa, in some tribes, women wear plates so that their lips are strongly extended. And the larger the plate, the more attractive the beauty is considered.

In other tribes (North America), applying any paint to the body was considered impossible. The Indians believed that while a person sleeps, his soul flies into unknown distances. When she wakes up, she comes back. But if it is painted, the soul will not recognize it and will not return.

It is believed that this art form came to Europe thanks to sea travel.

Body art in the XX century -_XX

The beginning of European body art was laid in 1910 by Mikhail Larionov, who decided that art should go out to the people, so that it was clearly visible. Having painted himself and his comrades, he went for a walk in Moscow, attracting the liveliest attention of the public.

The modern type of body art has been developing since the 60s of the XX century. In those days, it was considered an art that opposed itself to the traditional. He spoke out against the inertia and soullessness of modern society.

As soon as the sixties did not try to wake the sleeping people: tore their hair, cast themselves, strip themselves, cut themselves, set fire to their hair.

body art
body art

Some went only in a way known to them:

  • Dennis Oppenheim lay in the blazing sun with a book on his chest. Burned badly, but the silhouette of the book has been preserved for a long time;
  • Chris Burden decided that for the sake of art, you need to go under the bullets. And he went, but instead of a slight scratch he received a serious wound. Another time he walked over broken glass;
  • members of the radical Viennese Actionism movement staged orgies with animal corpses, Christian symbols and sex games;
  • Marina Abramovich allowed the public to cut her, stab her, undress her. And she danced to the point of exhaustion;
  • Rudolf Schwarzkogler went farthest. He cut the model until it died of blood loss.
Marina Abramovich
Marina Abramovich

Marina Abramovich

Over time, such extreme creativity ceased to shock the public. If only because the authorities did not allow it. The leaders of the Vienna Actionism group were given prison sentences of up to 8 years.

Modern body art2

Body art has no particular ideological foundation these days. It is used as a way of self-expression and personality development.

So, body art (from the English body art - body art). This trend is considered avant-garde.

What is needed for this to be called body art:

  • Naked human body. Although there is an opportunity not to be naked, to apply drawings on hands and face.
  • Non-verbal. Poses, gestures, facial expressions - all bodily instruments are used.
  • The artist's fantasy, not limited by anything. But the idea should be, or even better - support by a sketch.
body art
body art
  • Courage and relaxedness, both on the part of the creator and on the part of the model.
  • Patience. The creation process is lengthy. It is believed that 6 hours is the simplest piece. Sometimes it takes two days for a masterpiece.
  • Necessary materials.

The means of applying paintings to the body can be different depending on the purpose:

  • henna. By the way, henna painting has a name - mehndi. It is widely used in India, lasts one to two weeks;
  • make-up on a water basis - face painting. Dries quickly, does not crack, rinses off easily;
  • gouache is good for beginners. Lasts all day, quickly washed off. But it cracks by itself, therefore it is mixed with petroleum jelly and glycerin;
  • oily face makeup;
  • pencil for thinner lines, patterns;
  • acrylic paint is used at festivals and competitions, as it lays down and holds very well. However, it is difficult to wash off and may cause allergies;
  • additional devices: powder containing metallic pigments, bindi (stones, rhinestones, sparkles);
  • sponge, brush, palette, water, dishwashing liquid for removing paint from the body.

There are two techniques used for drawing - airbrushing and manual.

Body painting themes: plants, animals, clothing items, natural elements, ethnic ornaments, 3D graphics, landscapes.

Maria Jose Cristerna
Maria Jose Cristerna

Maria Jose Cristerna, female vampire

Types of body art3

There are the following types of body art:

Bodypating

What the general public calls body art is actually body painting. This is what is most easily called art - body painting. There are also face art - face painting, nail art - nails, mehndi - the use of henna.

Tattooing

The result of this action is a tattoo. This is also a body painting, but one that can never get rid of, since the paint penetrates into the deep layers of the skin and remains there. There is also a sparing analogue - a temporary tattoo. It is either glued or drawn. Lasts a month, it is completely safe.

Piercing

An object is inserted into punctures on the body, sometimes in the most unexpected places, like an earring in an ear. And there are also skays (dental pads) and eye pads.

Scart

In another way, scarification. A special way of applying scars so that after healing, a pattern or pattern is obtained.

scarring
scarring

Implantation

The most harmless is breast augmentation. But any things, invented by the owner of the implant, are implanted under the skin.

Modification

Elongation of the ears, bifurcation of the tongue, deformity, amputation.

Intimate hairstyles

The latest squeak of fashion. Popular mainly among women.

Body art illusion

Almost the same as body painting, but with amazing results. The pictures are so unexpected and extraordinary that they have become very popular among artists and models.

Who and what makes body art popular? 4

You can talk a lot about body art. Both individuals and events contributed to this art. The famous artist Salvador Dali loved to be photographed. But not just like that, but surrounded by naked women, whose bodies were fancifully painted.

Another artist, Andy Golub, initiated the Body Art Day. Andy argued that body art is good for everyone: artists share the beauty of their work with viewers; models have a chance to feel liberated and beautiful; spectators have the opportunity to contemplate grace and picturesqueness, to rejoice and to join the graceful.

Andy Golub
Andy Golub

Following Andy, body art festivals began to be organized in different countries. The festival organizers, as a rule, aim to promote the artistic expression of the beauty of the human body as a symbol of naturalness and liberation. A huge number of artists come to the festival - up to 300 participants from 50 countries of the world. Both venerable artists and beginners gather. Each of them is unique and multifaceted, creates individual images.

The peculiarity of such festivals is that artists do not stop at one body, but create whole bodily compositions - landscapes, abstractions, illusions.

One more note to the orchestra. Scottish Elaine Davidson entered the Guinness Book of World Records as the person with the most piercings in 2000. So far, the number of decorations has reached 1903, but Elaine does not promise to stop.

Body art is confidently entering modern life. The Barbie doll is a kind of reflection of modernity. Not so long ago, a set of tattoos appeared in toy accessories.

A little more about body art5

Fashion has always dictated and dictates its own laws of behavior and preferences of people. Following fashion is also a fashionable trend. For many years, body art has not ceased to be fashionable. On the contrary, it continues to develop. New manifestations of already known species are found, new ones appear.

bodypainting illusion
bodypainting illusion

Body art illusion

This is definitely a way of expressing yourself. And for both sides - the artist and the model. Liberation, acceptance of your body and yourself, overcoming fear - for the model. The closest attention of viewers and the media, access to large audiences, quick recognition - for the creators of masterpieces.

Whatever one may say, it is still art with its own laws, ways and methods of expression, idols and admirers.

Body art is actively used by commercial structures at exhibitions and presentations to attract attention. And it succeeds. Usually the model is painted in the company logo, but even the usual colors on the body look extravagant.

Body art elements, mainly face art, are used by football fans. This picture has become familiar.

Non-standard use of body art6

Body art has recently been used in psychology.

There is a perfectly logical explanation for this. Man is a harmonious being, despite the fact that not all at once and not everyone find this harmony, it is. This explains the balance between what is happening outside and what is inside.

No wonder they say that you need to find your inner peace in order for everything to work out in life. But you can also act the other way around. Do something from the outside to change the content.

bodypainting illusion
bodypainting illusion

Body art illusion

This is how body art therapy works. The artist has his own artistic perception. And the model feels the impact of tactile and visual sensations. The fact that a person takes pleasure in contemplating beauty is a long-proven fact.

But the one on whose body a brush is driven begins to feel a connection with reality through it - he realizes that he not only sees beauty, but himself becomes a part of it, to some extent its creator. These sensations are a powerful yet gentle and relaxing therapy for negative psychological processes. The images on the skin gain meaning and influence.

A person begins to evaluate himself differently, the process of self-knowledge, self-acceptance is turned on. Which is a very important component of psychotherapy. In addition, the moment of appearing in public in an almost nude form leads to the release of clamps, fears, overcoming shyness and timidity.

Another method of psychological personality correction is face art, the so-called healing makeup. Quite laborious, and therefore rarely used, but very successful. The state of a person's inner world depends on many factors, including appearance.

But the most significant part of the body in this sense is the face. Mimicry, features of the face in the mind is consistent with the individual. A change in the face leads to a change in the internal state.

body art
body art

The medical makeup method has several sequential stages:

talking with a client, identifying his needs, desires and problematic issues

soft facial massage

creation of an individual mask or pattern on the body. A completely unique pattern is created for each person. It depends on the client's wishes and on the doctor's decision depending on the image, condition and goals

  • then the client's dialogue with himself takes place. At this time, he stands in front of the mirror and speaks, referring to the mask, that is, to himself, but in a different image. The psychotherapist takes part in the dialogue carefully, without interfering, but directing in the desired therapeutic direction;
  • the client does all the main work himself. This happens until the task is achieved. The whole process allows you to look at yourself from the outside, to realize the ability to identify yourself in a different way;
  • after the session, the mask is removed. If the session was successful, then the client will have different sensations and understandings. Following the renewal of the face, newly formed personality traits appear;
  • after the end of the session, the psychotherapist observes the patient, the consequences of exposure. Usually, in the first days after art therapy, a person experiences changes in behavior, worldview, attitude towards himself and others.
  • Desires, feelings, needs change. Sometimes there is a rejuvenation of the face, which is explained by internal relaxation and after that - the muscles of the face.
body art
body art

Body art therapy is a strong, but mild effect on the psyche, which gives an amazing positive effect. After the sessions, the disappearance of such severe symptoms as hallucinations, delirium, anxiety, depression, tension was noted.

Body art as art, the possibility of self-expression, psycho-correction plays an important role in our life. It has deep roots, and in the future it will delight with non-standard, liveliness and unchanging creativity.

We also offer our next article about the most popular fine art - Nude art, where we reveal the main subtleties of this direction.

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