Feminism In Russia - Eliminating Discrimination Against Women

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Feminism In Russia - Eliminating Discrimination Against Women
Feminism In Russia - Eliminating Discrimination Against Women

Video: Feminism In Russia - Eliminating Discrimination Against Women

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Video: Why Russia is a post-feminist country 2023, January
girl in the kitchen
girl in the kitchen

Feminism in Russia arose in the 18th century under the influence of Western European enlightenment and the prominent role of women as a symbol of democracy and freedom in the French Revolution, and was mainly limited to the aristocracy. Throughout the 19th century, the idea of ​​feminism remained closely associated with revolutionary politics and social reform. After the February Revolution of 1917, feminist lobbying gained suffrage and nominal equality for women in education and in the workplace, however, in the 1960s and 70s, women continued to experience discrimination in certain career paths (including politics), as well as income inequality and greater burden of homework. Despite this, feminist movements declined during this period.

The content of the article

  • 1 Revolution and the Soviet era
  • 2 Feminism in Soviet society
  • 3 Glasnost and Post-Soviet Russia

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, feminist circles emerged among the intelligentsia, although this trend of Russian feminism still carries negative connotations among contemporary Russians. In the 21st century, some Russian feminists, such as the punk rock band Pussy Riot, have rejoined revolutionary anti-government movements, such as the 2012 demonstrations against President Vladimir Putin, in which a lawyer representing the Russian Orthodox Church called for feminism "Mortal sin."

The relaxation of the restrictions on women's education and personal freedom imposed by Peter I in the 18th century created a new class of educated women who, in future generations, began to establish such important institutions as libraries and clinics, as well as organize lectures and concerts.

In the late 19th century, other aristocratic women began to turn away from sophisticated social life and focus on feminist reforms, devoting their energies to various societies and projects aimed at helping the poor and disadvantaged in Russian society, including women. Increasingly, the question of creating higher education courses for women began to be raised.

female feminism
female feminism

Revolution and Soviet era i

In the early 20th century, the center of Russian feminism shifted from the aristocracy to the peasants and the working class. Imbued with socialist ideology, young women began to organize trade unions of only women.

Between 1907 and 1917, the Feminist League, fighting for equal rights for women, was the most important organization in Russia. The group focused on education and welfare, but also insisted on equal rights for women, including suffrage, equal inheritance and the abolition of passport restrictions.

Feminism in Soviet society 2

Vladimir Lenin wrote in 1919: “In order to achieve liberation (of a woman) and make her equal to a man, it is necessary to be socialized so that women can participate in common productive labor. Then the woman will be equal to the man."

Women were given the right to vote, although that meant little. In 1920, abortion was legalized. In 1922, marital rape was made illegal. The law began to provide due maternity leave and a national network of childcare centers was established.

Although the prevailing Soviet ideology emphasized gender equality in work and education, and many Soviet women held jobs and degrees, they did not participate in mainstream political roles and institutions.

feminism in russia
feminism in russia

Glasnost and Post-Soviet Russia 3

In the mid-1980s, Mikhail Gorbachev established publicity, granting more freedom of speech. This openness has caused a surge in women's political activity, scientific research, creative and business endeavors.

In the 1990s, Russian women hesitated to use the term "feminist" to describe themselves, because they believed that he had a negative connotation throughout Russian history, and especially after the revolution, when he was equated with a "proletarian" woman who only cares about your career, not your family. Russian women's activism in the 1990s was clearly feminist; women have tried to improve their financial and social conditions by any practical means. Out of this struggle, women's communities emerged, which have enabled many women to assert themselves in pursuit of work, fair treatment and a political voice.

The collapse of the Soviet monolithic state marked the death knell for many myths about the Soviet Union. Yet one of the most persistent misconceptions continues to flourish. The emancipation of women in the early years of Soviet power was regarded by many as a simple fact. The most frequently cited proof of equal rights is the large number of women working outside the home. But, as it turned out, working outside the home became a powerful tool for enslaving women, and this situation continues today. Women are far from achieving economic and professional equality and are dominated by low-paid and insecure leadership positions.

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