Table of contents:
- Gender concepti
- Gender differences2
- Replacing Traditional Roles3
- Gender-role stress, or personality conflict4
Video: What Are The Main Gender Roles Of Men And Women In Society?
2023 Author: Miles Ford | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 12:19
Usually, by the concept of gender, we mean the differences between men and women, but not according to gender, but rather socially. The main gender roles of men and women imply behavioral attitudes that were instilled in childhood. We are all born without clear differences in behavior.
The content of the article
- 1 The concept of gender
- 2 Gender differences
- 3 Replacing traditional roles
- 4 Gender-role stress, or personality conflict
Parents and society impose a certain stereotype of behavior, depending on the gender of the child. If this is a girl, then she is taught to be neat, affectionate, obedient. The boy is brought up to be brave, active, to restrain his emotions (fell down, endure, do not cry). Clothes also show the child that they are of a certain gender. Girls from a young age are dressed up in dresses and skirts, their ears are pierced, their hair is grown and braided.
Boys have short hair, they wear only trousers and shorts. If the behavior of gender differs from accepted social attitudes, for example, a boy likes to play with dolls, his actions may be ridiculed, forcing him to hide or suppress his hobbies and demonstrate a showy interest in what is approved by society. This is one example when a person either agrees with the attitudes imposed by society, contrary to his attitude, or chooses personal freedom, remaining himself.
Let's try to figure out what are the main gender roles of men and women in modern society. The role of a man in the social sense is a breadwinner, a protector of his family, he sets himself daily tasks and solves them. The woman is the keeper of the home, she gives birth to heirs and heirs, keeps order in the house, provides coziness and comfort. These are traditional concepts that we are used to and try to follow them. At the same time, there are character traits that demonstrate a person's belonging to a particular gender.
For a female gender role, this is such a set of qualities as complaisance, tenderness, sensitivity, increased emotionality, and subtle intuition. For the male model, the list of qualities is as follows: dominant, independent, restrained, unemotional, self-sufficient. However, over time, the set of qualities changes, time makes its own adjustments. In men, it is not physical strength that is increasingly appreciated, but intelligence, a healthy sense of humor, the ability to take care of a woman and empathize with her. In a woman, qualities such as efficiency, courage, and stress resistance became important.
Replacing Traditional Roles3
In the modern world, the boundaries of the usual roles are erased, general concepts are losing their relevance. A woman has to earn on an equal basis with men and at the same time carry a whole load of worries to ensure order in the house. Gradually, she takes on the role of a man, becomes a breadwinner. But this is difficult for her, since she still remains the keeper of the hearth, and it is difficult for her to combine the two roles. It is not easy for her to remain soft and defenseless. Men become less responsible, their character becomes more docile and flexible. The roles are gradually replaced, when the man becomes the keeper of the hearth, and the woman becomes the breadwinner.
Gender-role stress, or personality conflict4
When a person feels unable to correspond to the gender role that is imposed on him by society, or feels that he belongs to the opposite gender role, sooner or later he will experience a certain psycho-emotional stress. Distinguish between male and female gender-role stress. In women, this stress is associated with biological processes: the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, childbirth, menopause. Social factors also affect him: low wages, job loss, divorce.
Male stress is also often associated with purely biological factors: entry into adulthood, marriage, fatherhood. Events such as failures at work, inability to support their own family, male failure, and divorce and subsequent separation from children also lead to male gender-role stress. Stress can affect both the individual and his immediate environment. Men tend to keep silent about the problem, withdraw into themselves, it is difficult for them to ask for help. Women are more likely to become depressed and suffer from nervous disorders.
In many countries, gender is seen as the imposition of certain social norms of behavior. In the end, a person decides for himself who he should be, what behavior to adhere to. Scientists believe that for better adaptation in society, it is important to have a set of qualities that are inherent in both the male type and the female type of personality, while not forgetting about your biological identity.